January 30 is marked as Martyrs’ Day, also known as ‘Shaheed Diwas’ or ‘Sarvodaya Day,’ across the country to honor those who sacrificed their lives for India’s independence. In 1948, the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, was assassinated on this day by Nathuram Vinayak Godse. He was assassinated just five months and fifteen days after India gained Independence from the British Raj.
Martyrs’ Day, also known as Shaheed Diwas. It is observed every year in India to pay tribute to the brave hearts who sacrificed their precious lives for the welfare and freedom of the nation. Punyatithi (death anniversary) of Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most important events associated with this particular day. This day holds major historical importance; that symbolizes the spirit of sacrifice and the constant struggle for independence.
Martyrs’ Day: History
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the legendary advocate of non-violence and peace, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar. When he was 13 years old, he married Kasturba. Gandhi did his training in London in the law at the Inner Temple. Bapu moved to South Africa to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit in 1893. He lived there for 21 years.
Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and soon started organizing urban laborers and farmers to protest against discrimination. He also initiated Ahimsa and Satyagraha movements against British rule. Gandhi not only dedicated his whole life to India’s fight for freedom but also led campaigns nationwide against poverty and untouchability. He was also a women’s rights advocate.
In 1948 January 30, Mahatma Gandhi was on his way to address an evening prayer (around 5:17 pm) meeting at Birla Bhavan, Delhi. He was with his grandnieces when a Hindu nationalist, Nathuram Vinayak Godse, fired three bullets into his chest. According to the report, Gandhi died there instantly.
Mahatma Gandhi Martyrdom Day, also known as Punyatithi or Shaheed Diwas, is observed on January 30. This day is also dedicated to paying tribute to India’s brave soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their nation.
Mahama Gandhi, the “Father of the Nation,” played a significant role in India’s freedom movement, advocating for peaceful and non-violent methods in the struggle against the British Raj.
Martyrs’ Day: Significance
Mahatma Gandhi is a famous figure who is known for advocating non-violence and peace. His impact resonates throughout the nation, shaping minds internationally and domestically. The United Nations General Assembly has designated October 2, his birth anniversary, as The International Day of Non-Violence to pay tribute to his principles.
Additionally, the day when Martyrs’ Day Mahatma Gandhi is observed, the “School Day of Non-Violence and Peace” is also observed. This is to dedicate nurturing peaceful conflict resolution skills among the rising young brains.
On this day, the nation not only remembers the significant leader but also countless others who sacrificed their lives during the struggle period against British colonial rule. Martyrs’ Day serves as a reminder of all the sacrifices made by courageous individuals to inspire the coming generations to uphold the values of unity, peace, and freedom.
How Martyrs’ Day Is Observed?
On January 30, the Prime Minister, the President, the Vice-President, and the Defence Minister assemble together. This is done at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi at the Raj Ghat memorial. They all pay tribute to Indian Martyrs and Mahatma Gandhi. Also, people observe a 2-minute silence in the memory of all the Indian martyrs. Additionally, many schools conduct functions on this solemn day.
Martyrs Day Mahatma Gandhi 2024:
India is paying rich tributes to the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, on his 76th death anniversary today. India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, visited Rajghat as he paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi. His post on Twitter (X) read, “I pay homage to Pujya Bapu on his Punya Tithi. I also pay homage to all those who have been martyred for our nation. Their sacrifices inspire us to serve the people and fulfill their vision for our nation.”
Additionally, Congress president Mallikarjun Kharge posted on X (Twitter) and mentioned Mahatma Gandhi’s quote, “The enemy is fear. We think it’s hate, but it is fear.”
Today is Mahatma Gandhi Punyatithi, or Martyrs’ Day, as the whole nation is remembering the sacrifice made on this day. Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary falls on this day. In 1948, Nathuram Godse (Hindu Nationalist) shot and killed him when he was going to attend an evening prayer at Birla Bhavan, Delhi.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
Q. Which day is Martyrs Day in India?
Ans.. Martyrs’ Day, also known as Shaheed Diwas, is observed on 30th January every year, when Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated in 1948.
Q. What is celebrated on 30 January?
Ans.. 30th January is the saddest day in India’s Independence Day history. Today, Mahatma Gandhi is remembered for his sacrifice and struggle during British rule.
Q. What is 7 Martyrs Day?
Ans.. Martyrs’ Day is observed in India to pay tribute to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives in the struggle movement.
Q. What is the meaning of Martyrdom Day?
Ans.. Martyrs’ Day, or Martyrdom Day, is a day of remembrance and pays tribute to those who sacrificed their lives for their nation.