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March 23: Honoring Bravehearts on India’s Martyrs’ Day

‘Shaheed Diwas’ or ‘Martyrs’ Day’ is observed in India on several dates to remember those brave hearts who gave their lives for the country. Every year on March 23, India observes Martyrs Day to pay tribute to three brave-hearted men who sacrificed their lives to protect the country.

On January 30, India also observes Martyr’s Day in memory of Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of India. This day serves as a reminder to be grateful for all the sacrifices made by the brave-hearted men to protect the country and the people. Learn more about the day’s significance, history, and other details.

March 23: History

Shaheed Diwas, or Martyrs’ Day, is celebrated every year on March 23. On this day, the country’s freedom fighters are commemorated for the sacrifices they made for the country. The three brave hearts were Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru. They were hanged in the Lahore jail on 23rd March.

March 23 | Simon go back

Lala Lajpat Rai organized a non-violent demonstration with the well-known slogan “Simon, go Back” on 30 October 1928 against Sir John Simon’s visit to Lahore. However, the demonstration was quite peaceful, but the Superintendent of Police, James A Scott, gave a command. He commanded the police to lathi-charge the demonstrators, imposing deathly injuries on Lala Lajpat Rai.

Following his death, the three young freedom fighters, Rajguru, Bhagat Singh, and Sukhdev, made a decision. The decision was to kill James Scott, but due to a misunderstanding, they killed John P. Saunders, another superintendent of police.

However, the three brave-hearted men didn’t step back from their decision to kill James Scott. To teach a lesson for killing Lala Lajpat Rai, they prepared another attack on the Central Legislative Assembly. They also planned to prevent the passage of the Trade Dispute Act and Public Safety Bill.

On 8th April 1929, they attempted to attack the Central Legislative Assembly, but they were caught immediately. The three young freedom fighters were all sentenced to death. On March 23, 1931, they were hanged in the Lahore jail. When they were hanged, Sukhdev and Singh were 23 years old, and Rajguru was 22 years old only.

March 23: Significance

Martyrs’ Day, or Shaheed Diwas, has a historical significance as it marks the day in 1931 when three free fighters were hanged to death. The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, is also remembered on Martyrs’ Day on January 30, assassinated by Nathuram Godse.

The importance of March 23 is to help us understand the meaning and value of freedom we have now. Also, to know about the sacrifices our freedom fighters made at a very young age without thinking about themselves. This day reminds us not to take our freedom for granted and to always fight for it.

This day symbolizes unity, pride, and courage for the nation. It helps us to keep remembering the “Bravehearts” who laid down their lives for us. The significance of March 23 lies in commemorating the sacrifices of the three brave men, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru. Martyrs’ Day, helps us to remember the sacrifices and struggles made by women, kids, and men for India to gain its Independence.

Ministers, including the President and Prime Minister, pay tribute to the soldiers. A two-minute silence is also observed in their remembrance. Schools and colleges also honour March 23. They conduct patriotic plays, debates, cultural events, and essay-writing competitions on patriotic themes. By conducting these events, younger generations are encouraged to know about the sacrifices made by the Bravehearts.

Although this day is not recognized as a holiday, however, Bhagwant Mann, Chief Minister of Punjab, declared it a gazetted holiday in the state. Multiple political and academic institutions mark March 23 to honor those three martyrs’. The freedom fighters who laid their lives will always remain inspirational figures for the youth.

Final Words:

India observes March 23 as Martyrs’ Day to honor the sacrifices of Sukhdev Thapar, Bhagat Singh, and Shivaram Rajguru. In the year 1931, all three of them were hanged in Lahore jail. This day has important historical significance and is also celebrated in schools and colleges. Martyrs’ Day is also observed on 30 January in memory of Mahatma Gandhi.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

  1. What is celebrated on 23rd March?

Martyrs’ Day, or Shaheed Diwas, is observed on 23rd March to pay tribute to three young freedom fighters. 

  1. What happened on March 23 in India?

During the struggle for India’s Independence, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajuguru laid their lives on March 23 for the country.

  1. What is significant about March 23rd?

23 March has the historical significance of the sacrifices made by the Bravehearts for the country and inspires the younger generation.

David Gillmore

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